Your Eyes & Body Share a Complex Relationship
We all know that it’s crucial to take care of your body. However, the benefits of managing your well-being extend far beyond feeling and looking healthy—it can also help you reduce the risk of several eye diseases and conditions.
See the difference quality eye care can make and book your eye exam today at with of our 2 convenient locations.
Approximately 37.3 million Americans have diabetes, and about 88 million Americans have prediabetes. Both of these diseases can increase the risk of developing an eye disease or condition. Still, managing your eye health starts by understanding how diabetes works.
Diabetes is a disease that affects how your body processes sugar in your bloodstream, ultimately leading to higher blood sugar. Insulin is a hormone that helps transport sugar into your blood cells, but the type of diabetes you have can affect either how your pancreas produces insulin or how your body responds to insulin.
High blood sugar increases the risk of several diseases and conditions, including some that affect your eyes.
How Diabetes Affects Your Eye Health
If you have diabetes, we recommend having annual eye exams.
During your eye exam, we’ll observe areas of your eye that diabetes can affect, like your retina, macula, optic disc, and eye blood vessels.
We use several different technologies during your eye exam to look for these issues. If we notice any problems developing, we can address them promptly by personalizing a treatment or management strategy.
Diabetic retinopathy is an eye disease directly related to diabetes.
As high blood sugar damages the blood vessels in your eyes, it can slowly leak fluids that can affect your retina. As diabetic retinopathy develops, you may experience blurry vision or possible vision loss.
If your diabetic retinopathy becomes more severe, your retina may compensate for the fluid loss by growing abnormal blood vessels. These vessels, however, are weak and can break easily. Eventually, it can create scar tissue on your retina and increase the risk of retinal detachment.
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic macular edema is an eye disease that can develop as a result of diabetic retinopathy.
Fluids leaking from your damaged blood vessels can swell a part of your eye known as the macula. The macula provides the central vision you need to see sharp details, but swelling can affect this ability and lead to blurry vision or permanent vision loss.
Open-angle glaucoma develops when blockages in your eye’s drainage system prevent fluids from draining properly. Over time, your intraocular pressure can rise and eventually damage your optic nerve, which is the part of the eye that sends messages to your brain.
Learn more about glaucoma on our Eye Disease Diagnosis & Management page.
Many people develop cataracts as they age, but diabetes can increase the risk of developing them earlier in life.
Get Help Preserving Your Eye Health
Dr. Goldstone Vision Center is ready to provide you with personalized strategies for preserving your vision. Book an appointment today!
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